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Paediatric Ophthalmology

What is Paediatric?

Pediatric Ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that relates to vision care and eye syndromes in kids. Since good vision is an elementary prerequisite for academic performance and social interaction and influences every facet of a child’s life, regular eye examinations are a must. Common eye problems experienced by kids include vision-related issues (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism), conjunctivitis (also known as pink eye), eye rubbing, misalignment of the eyes (a condition known as squint), watering of eyes, etc.

Refractive Errors
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
Dropping of upper eyelieds
Cataract in new born
Congenital glaucoma

Problems affecting our kid’s eyes

According to research, 1 out of 6 children suffer from vision-related problems. The following are a few of the most prevalent problems impacting children:


In growing kids, good vision is a necessity for appropriate development, both mental and physical. If there are vision complications, identifying them early can ensure well-timed treatment. A reputable ophthalmologist, besides routine examinations and lens fittings, provides care and treatment for an array of sight-related issues in kids such as infections, and refractive errors. Blocked tear ducts, Eye injury, lazy eye, squint, and much more.

Good To Know Paediatric Questions

Why is it important for children to have regular eye exams?

Regular eye exams are crucial for children because their visual system is still developing. Undetected vision problems can affect their learning, school performance, and overall quality of life. Early detection and treatment of any eye conditions can prevent potential vision issues from worsening and help children reach their full potential.

At what age should I schedule my child's first eye exam?

The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that children have their first comprehensive eye exam at around 6 months of age. Early detection of any eye conditions or developmental issues can lead to more effective interventions. Subsequent eye exams should be scheduled at age 3, and then just before starting school, around age 5 or 6.

What are some signs that my child might have a vision problem?

Keep an eye out for signs such as frequent eye rubbing, squinting, tilting the head, difficulty focusing, sensitivity to light, poor hand-eye coordination, or consistently sitting too close to the TV or holding books too close. If you notice any of these signs or if your child complains of headaches or double vision, it’s important to schedule an eye exam.

Can my child outgrow crossed or misaligned eyes (strabismus)?

While some degree of eye misalignment is common in infants, it’s important to have a pediatric eye specialist assess the situation. Early intervention can help correct the issue and prevent long-term vision problems. Without treatment, crossed or misaligned eyes can lead to amblyopia (lazy eye), which may affect vision development.

How can I protect my child's eyes during outdoor activities?

Children’s eyes are more sensitive to UV radiation, so it’s essential to ensure they wear sunglasses with 100% UV protection when spending time outdoors. Additionally, hats with wide brims can provide extra protection from the sun’s harmful rays. Regular breaks from digital devices during outdoor playtime can help prevent digital eye strain.

What is amblyopia, and how is it treated?

Amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye, is a condition where one eye doesn’t develop normal vision during childhood. It can be caused by crossed eyes, a significant difference in refractive error between the eyes, or other factors. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial, often involving patching the stronger eye to encourage the weaker eye to develop better vision.

How can I help my child with a fear of eye exams?

It’s normal for children to feel anxious about eye exams, especially if it’s their first time. You can help alleviate their fears by explaining the process in a simple and reassuring manner. Using positive language, emphasizing that the doctor is there to help, and perhaps even arranging a visit to the eye clinic before the actual exam can help ease their concerns.

Remember, every child’s eye health is unique, and consulting with a qualified pediatric eye specialist is the best way to address any concerns or questions you may have about your child’s vision and eye care.

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